Neuroprediction, the use of neuroscientific data to predict human behavior, can sound like science fiction. But with the advent of neuroimaging & the continuing rapid development of other non-invasive brain measurements, neuroprediction is increasingly a real-world phenomenon.
Deep philosophical, legal, & neuroscientific questions arise regarding the use of these methods to predict behavior. Like all scientific tools, whether or not these technologies are used responsibly depends on who uses them. For instance, recent research illustrates the potential use of neuroprediction to assess an individual's risk of (re-)engaging in antisocial conduct in forensic contexts. While the use of brain-based data may add predictive value to existing risk assessment tools, at the same time, the use (or misuse) of neuroprediction in courtrooms may imply violations of individual rights & liberties under the pretext of enhancing public safety. Additionally, neuroprediction presents several technological & neuroscientific challenges. The non-invasive measures currently available are only indirect measures of cognitive activity, & there are serious questions regarding the predictive validity & reliability of data at the individual level. Understanding the conceptual, ethical, & legal dimensions surrounding the use of neuroprediction technologies helps crystallize the issues at hand & potentially provides moral guidance for those who wish to capitalize on these new tools as their prevalence & specificity continue to advance.
In this seminar, four experts from neuroscience, law, & philosophy will discuss recent findings in neuroprediction research, the predictive power of brain-based evidence compared to behavioral evidence, as well as the ethical & legal concerns emerging from the entrance of neuroprediction in the courts of law.
Speakers:Arielle Baskin-Sommers,Assistant Professorof Psychology & Psychiatry, Yale UniversityMartha Farah,Annenberg Professor of Natural Sciences,University of PennsylvaniaKent Kiehl, Professor of Psychology & Neuroscience, University of New MexicoWalter Sinnott-Armstrong,Chauncey Stillman Professor of Practical Ethics, Duke University
Discussant:Jeffrey A. Fagan,Isidor & Seville Sulzbacher Professor of Law & Professor of Epidemiology, Columbia University
Moderator:Federica Coppola, Presidential Scholar in Society & Neuroscience, Columbia University
Free & open to the public, but RSVP is required viaEventbrite.This event is part of theSeminars in Society & Neuroscienceseries.